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How to Avoid Grammar Mistakes in Your Essay: Writing Tricks

You already know that your essay is expected to be free of grammar and spelling mistakes, but that does not mean that there will not be some still lingering there in your final draft, despite all of your editing. Unfortunately, one little mistake can really discredit your content, especially if that same mistake is repeated multiple times. Below are common grammar mistakes to become familiar with, so you can better avoid them.


Pronouns are some of the most commonly used elements in speech because they can perform noun functions. The first rule associated with pronouns is that they must agree with the noun that they are linked to. Also, although most pronouns can be singular and plural, some can only be one or the other. If you have a conjunction joining two nouns, the pronoun must correctly agree in number. Avoid overusing pronouns or sentences can become too confusing.

Noun Forms

It is vital that you use accurate noun forms in your essay. Nouns perform functions of objects and subjects. Make sure that your plural form and use of determiners is correct. Nouns can be either countable or uncountable. Countable ones can be made plural, but uncountable ones cannot. Sand, information, water, and rice are prime examples of uncountable nouns.

Verb Forms

Correctly placing auxiliary verbs tends to cause the most confusion in writing papers. Auxiliary verbs add grammatical or functional meaning to a clause. They generally accompany a main verb and help express mood, voice, and aspect. It is also important to keep in mind that contracted forms and adverbs are technically not part of a verb. Using the infinitive correctly in a sentence is important in research paper writing, too. An infinitive can be an object or subject, and it will follow the verb. For example, the word "hesitate" can be followed by a number of infinitives, such as "to tell," "to watch," etc.

Subject-Predicate Agreement

The subject and predicate always have to agree in number. This can be tricky though, when there is a compound subject, such as those introduced by "both," "neither" and similar words. As a rule, a singular predicate is always granted to collective nouns. When you are writing make sure that your subject and verb agree. The subject, or noun, always governs the agreement, so the predicate, or verb, must follow regardless what other elements might dictate in the sentence.

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